Conditions of Supervision and Workload Allocation
Contracting Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Probation agencies are experiencing a rather challenging predicament regarding how best to contribute to community safety by supervising offenders in the community. Probation officers, initially, were perceived as filling both “social worker” and “law enforcer” oriented roles when interacting with offenders, their families, and treatment providers. Currently, however, budget cuts and fiscal constraints are exacerbated by growing numbers of offenders with felony convictions, especially sex offenders, being placed on community supervision, and fostering a practical problem of how to best supervise offenders spanning the continuum of risks and needs. That is, how can probation officer time be spent to most efficiently reduce recidivism? A significant issue in making such decisions is understanding how caseloads (i.e., number of offenders supervised per officer) translate into workload (i.e., the amount of time required to supervise offenders). The American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) has received funds from the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to complete a 12-month project to examine the relationship between conditions imposed on offenders and the community corrections workloads that results from such conditions. APPA will review existing policies as well as develop and distribute a short survey to examine the use of evidence-based principles to make caseload and workload decisions. APPA and BJA plan to create a working group of identified experts in the area of workload-caseload issues for probation officers to draft a workload calculation formula.

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For more Information Contact
Adam Matz
Research Associate
American Probation and Parole Association
PO Box 11910
Lexington, KY 40578–1910
Phone: (859) 244-8058
Fax: (859) 244-8001