Juvenile and Adult Probation
Adult and juvenile probation are administered at the county level. Each of Californias 58 counties has a probation department that handles both adults and juveniles, except San Francisco, which has separate departments for adults and juveniles.
The state of California sets the firearm standards for training and arming. It is within each countys discretion to determine which officers, if any, carry firearms. Californias arming policy was adopted in the early 80s due to probation being added to multi-agency drug task forces.
In 1988, San Diego County was the first county to be armed. Of the 58 counties in California, all but 9-10 of the San Francisco bay area counties are armed. Los Angeles County, which recently approved arming, is in the process of training and purchasing firearms.
Officers are armed by function. Therefore, it is mandatory for certain officers to carry firearms. For example, in San Diego County the special operations division, which includes adult and juvenile gang suppression units, home supervision, and a number of armed probation officers working with police on various task forces aimed at violent probationers, are armed.
Officers are classified as limited peace officers per California Penal Code 830.5 and peace officer status is limited to hours of duty (during the course and scope of employment). Officers do have the power to arrest or take into custody and are required to undergo psychological testing.
Standardized statewide training and re-qualification is required. Each county arranges its own firearm training, typically done by the Sheriff. However, some counties, such as San Diego County, have their own firearm instructors.
Each county requires officers to carry a specific type of firearm. For example, San Diego County requires a 9 mm, which they provide. If an officer wishes to provide the firearm, it must be approved and inspected by the Range Master, Director of Special Operations.
There are no private companies providing community supervision services.
The Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation, Division of Juvenile Justice, under the jurisdiction of
the executive branch, oversee the aftercare (parole) supervision
The Division of Adult Parole Operations, a state Executive Branch agency within the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, provides for the supervision of adult parolees released to the community after completing the court mandated period of time in custody in a state institution. The parolees are provided services and referrals to agencies to assist in their successful reintegration.
Carrying a firearm is mandatory for parole agents hired after 1988. They are classified as peace officers and do have the power to arrest. Psychological testing was instituted in 1988 for all newly hired peace officers.
The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Support Services-Office of Training and Professional Development provides training. All parole agents hired after 1988 and those hired before 1988 who want to carry a firearm are required to take and proficiently complete firearm training. Parole agents must then qualify with the firearm on a quarterly basis. The fourth quarter is always a night range.
Agents are now required to carry a state issued .38 revolver or 9mm. Parole agents may carry their own departmentally approved 9mm.
There are no private companies providing adult parole supervision.
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