In the Fall issue of 2013 the American Probation and Parole
Association released its first PSN update, a new column in APPA’s
quarterly journal Perspectives. As they are released, new
PSN updates can be found under the Resources tab of this website.
See highlights of the APPA membership interviews concerning gang member reentry needs in the Winter 2014 issue of the National Gang Center’s Newsletter.
As described by David Kennedy in this article from the Los Angeles Times, instead of doomed legislation aimed at increased background checks for firearm purchases “…the most powerful interventions aimed at day-to-day gun violence lie elsewhere. In the absence of any movement in the larger gun debate, mayors, police chiefs, prosecutors and academics have been moving on their own — and have made real progress. The way forward lies in two directions…” Specifically, interventions with high risk individuals and places.
Social Policy & Politics provides a one-page description on how to discuss gun laws to the public. Bennett, Kessler, and Hatalsky (2013) affirm an individual’s right to own a firearm while reminding that ownership comes with responsibility. Further, certain individuals (terrorists, criminals, severely mentally ill) forfeit their right to own a firearm.
To assist community corrections agencies in the process of interagency collaboration, problem analysis, probationer/parolee reentry, and evaluation, the APPA developed the C.A.R.E. framework, a guide for responding to street gang violence. This comprehensive strategy combines lessons learned from previous anti-gang initiatives while providing an overview of four key components of anti-gang projects.
PSN Anti-Gang Training and Technical Assistance: The American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) currently has funding to support a variety of gang trainings for local, state, or tribal jurisdictions through its PSN awards with the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). If your agency needs a specific type of training but lacks the funds necessary to support it, reach out to APPA. Please get in contact with Adam K. Matz at (859)244-8058 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Get the Guidelines to Gang Reentry CD. This CD-ROM provides guidelines and resources specific to working with gang-involved offenders during the three main phases of reentry: the institutional phase, structured reentry phase, and community reintegration phase.
In Criminology & Public Policy, Hennigan & Sloane (2013) examine the diverse use of Civil Gang Injunctions (CGI) in Los Angeles followed by additional commentary from Melde and Papachristos. Findings suggest CGIs work best in conjunction with strong social service supports and when they focus on well-defined target zones or specific gang-affiliated individuals.
The gun crime reduction strategies in the Southern District of Alabama were based on a Project Exile-type approach which coupled increased federal prosecution with a media campaign communicating a deterrence message. In Mobile total gun crime, all violent crime with a gun, robberies with a gun, and assaults with a gun all declined following the implementation of PSN.
The Middle District of North Carolina committed to a strategy that included both a deterrence-based focus and an attempt to develop prevention and intervention components. In Durham, Greensboro, and Winston-Salem, total gun crime showed a statistically significant decline following the implementation of PSN.
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